Enable Windows Feature and Install Distribution
Presumptions: It must be made sure that new applications or even the manual Powershell installation is done on system drive C: so in case it was changed on your computer that new apps are installed on e.g. D: you must revert this change for installation. Settings -> Storate -> More Storage Settings: Change where new content is saved (Section: "New apps will save to:")
Enable the Windows Subsystem for Linux within PowerShell command line
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux
Reboot after enabling of the Windows Subsystem for Linux!
- Download a userland environment
There is now possibility to download one of multiple userland environments. You have two options, download (free downloads) via Windows Store (pro: easier, tile will be created) or download via Powershell download (pro: more control over process, no hidden / distributed files) links:
Windows Store: https://www.microsoft.com/store/p/ubuntu/9nblggh4msv6
Powershell Link: https://aka.ms/wsl-ubuntu-1604
- openSUSE Leap
Windows Store: https://www.microsoft.com/store/apps/9njvjts82tjx
Powershell Link: https://aka.ms/wsl-opensuse-42
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server - SLES
Windows Store: https://www.microsoft.com/store/apps/9p32mwbh6cns
Powershell Link: https://aka.ms/wsl-sles-12
Windows Store: https://www.microsoft.com/store/productId/9MSVKQC78PK6
Powershell Link: not known - please post comment if you have more information
- Kali Linux
Windows Store: https://www.microsoft.com/store/apps/9PKR34TNCV07
Powershell Link: not known - please post comment if you have more Information
openSUSE example within PowerShell command line:
Invoke-WebRequest -Uri https://aka.ms/wsl-opensuse-42 -OutFile .\opensuse.zip -UseBasicParsing
- Extract the archive
This step is necessary only in case you downloaded via the PowerShell. The extracted files must be available on system drive, according to MS documentation.
Expand-Archive .\opensuse.zip c:\Distros\opensuse
- Install the linux subsystem
Run the <distro>.exe file in the extraction directory, e.g.
c: cd \Distros\opensuse .\openSUSE-42.exe
- Create necessary user / password combinations within installation process you have to create your linux user and you might set your root user password (this is something like the "admin" password.
- Update your distribution to the latest security state This step is different and very specific to the selected distribution. Some examples in the following sections.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo zypper ref zypper up
Please pay Attention that at the date of writing this article the store had openSUSE Leap 42.2 as installation basis for the WSL. This Version is not any more supported. So i suggest to update the openSUSE WSL system after installing (see article about installing WSL)
Run the subsystem in future
bash -c [command]
Revert installation / Uninstall
Reset the distribution to a clean install ("factory reset") with running <distro>.exe with clean parameter.
c: cd \Distros\opensuse .\openSUSE-42.exe clean
Uninstall In case you want to uninstall the distribution, then please refer to https://docs.microsoft.com/de-de/windows/wsl/wsl-config
Further Information / Source
German c't magazine 22/2017 page 108
Central Mircrosoft Landing Page: https://docs.microsoft.com/de-de/windows/wsl/about
Server Installation Details: https://docs.microsoft.com/de-de/windows/wsl/install-on-server
Win10 Store Installation Details: https://docs.microsoft.com/de-de/windows/wsl/install-win10
German Zypper User Guide: https://de.opensuse.org/SDB:Zypper_benutzen